We use these forms to create all times and other verbal structures in all moods, aspects and voices. There are up to five forms for each verb: root, third person singular, present participle, past participle, and past participle. In this lesson, we will look at the forms of the main verbs and auxiliary verbs, followed by a quiz to test your understanding. The participle of the past can be difficult to determine for some irregular verbs. It is best to look for them in a dictionary if you are not at all sure what the participle is in the past. Here are some examples of irregular verbs: The root form of a verb is used to create other forms of the verb when it is conjugated. This still applies to regular verbs, but cannot apply to irregular verbs based on tense. The following examples illustrate this concept. We use primary auxiliary verbs to change the tense or voice of the main verb and ask questions and negatives.
There are only three main help verbs: to do, to have, to be. These verbs can also serve as main verbs. If we use them as help verbs, here are the forms we use: Note that “to have”, “to do” and “to be” also act as auxiliary or auxiliary verbs with exactly the same forms.. .